Testing conducted to enable a user/customer to determine whether to accept a software product. Normally performed to validate the software meets a set of agreed acceptance criteria.
Black Box Testing:
Testing based on an analysis of the specification of a piece of software without reference to its internal workings. The goal is to test how well the component conforms to the published requirements for the component.
An input or output that is user visible. Data Objects are document objects consisting of factual information normally arranged into datafiles (1.2.10) or tables (126.96.36.199) which are used as a basis for reasoning, discussion, or calculation.
Debugging is a methodical process of finding and reducing the number of bugs, or defects, in a computer program or a piece of electronic hardware thus making it behave as expected.
Checking source code created with an editor before compiling it to check for typographical and other errors.
Domain of a variable is a (mathematical) set that includes all possible values of a variable of a function.
Dynamic Testing (or dynamic analysis) is testing software through executing it. A term used in software engineering to describe the testing of the dynamic behavior of code.
(Also known as Fagan Inspection) Formal Inspection refers to a structured process of trying to find defects in development documents, programming code, specifications, designs and others artifacts during various phases of the software development program.
Fagan Inspection is a group review method used to evaluate output of a given process.
Firmware is a term sometimes used to denote the fixed, usually rather small, programs that internally control various electronic devices. Typical examples range from end-user products such as remote controls or calculators
A program that performs tasks, such as translating and interpreting, required for processing a specified programming language. Note: Examples of language processors include a Fortran processor and a COBOL processor.
Pachinko is a japanese gaming device (for gambling) used for amusement and prizes. Pachinko code as the name implies, is not predictable and not testable.
Choosing a set of input values to force the execution of a component to take a given path.
A logical expression which evaluates to TRUE or FALSE, normally to direct the execution path in code.
A software regression is a software bug which makes a feature stop functioning as intended after a certain event (for example, a system upgrade, system patching or a change to daylight saving time).
Software Quality Assurance:
Software testing is a process used to identify the correctness, completeness and quality of developed computer software.
Unstructured, or poorly structured program source code; especially code with many GOTO statements (or their equivalent).
Static testing (Static Analysis) takes place without running an application or its modules. It can include source code reviews, code inspections, and software walkthroughs.
A style of programming in which the programmer divides his program's source code into logically structured chunks of code.
The specification (usually formal) of a set of test inputs, execution conditions, and expected results, identified for the purpose of making an evaluation of some particular aspect of a Target Test Item.
A functionally meaningful processing path in the code for which there is no combination of input values that will force that path to be executed.
Code for which there is no combination of input values that will cause the code to be executed.
The process of inspecting algorithms and source code by following paths through the algorithms or code as determined by input conditions and choices made along the way.
White Box Testing: :
Testing based on an analysis of internal workings and structure of a piece of software. Includes techniques such as Branch Testing and Path Testing