The Kolleru Lake Information Centre (KLIC) was inaugurated /established in the Civil Engineering Department of S.R.K.R. Engineering College on 20th December, 2012. For the past one and a half century, an extensive amount of scientific data and knowledge on Kolleru Lake has been generated and gathered by the dedicated effort of scientists and institutions of national and international origin. Since the lake is in the close proximity of the Engineering College, investigations on the lake ecosystem are initiated, a large scale spatial database is generated and the change phenomena/degradation of the lake ecosystem are closely monitored. All the information generated over years is brought together in the form of this Information Centre, presenting the various types of data sets such as geospatial maps, statistical data in the form of tables and reports and photo collections. The generated datasets form a tool to raise awareness among decision/policy makers about the economic benefits of conserving or restoring and sustainably managing the lake as opposed to its degradation and reclamation. The prime mission of KLIC is to further increase awareness on the uniqueness and conservation of Kolleru Lake among the scientific and political society as well as the various stakeholders. It is of utmost importance to identify the magnitude of economic value of this lake ecosystem, in addition to its biodiversity, scientific value, climate regulation, potential tourism, social/cultural and other important wetland values. The vision is to enhance national as well as international attention for the conservation of this precious piece of nature in India.
ABOUT KOLLERU LAKE:
Kolleru Lake is one of the largest freshwater lakes in India located in state of Andhra Pradesh 20 kilometers away from the city of Eluru. It spans into two districts - Krishna and West Godavari. Kolleru Lake is located in the inter-deltaic plain of rivers Krishna and Godavari and serves as a natural flood-balancing reservoir for these two rivers. The lake is fed directly by water from several seasonal rivers/streams and several inflowing drains and channels of irrigation systems of river Krishna and Godavari. This lake is a major tourist attraction, since many birds migrate here in winter, such as Siberian crane, ibis, and painted storks. The lake is an important habitat for an estimated 20 million resident and migratory birds, including the grey or spot billed pelican (Pelecanus philippensis). The lake was declared as a wildlife sanctuary in November 1999 under India's Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, and designated as a wetland of international importance in November 2002 under the International Ramsar Convention. The wildlife sanctuary covers an area of 308 km2. However, thousands of fish tanks were dug up and effectively converting the lake/water body into a mere flood plain/drain. This had great impact in terms of pollution leading to difficulty in getting drinking water for the local people. This is in addition to the loss of ecological diversity and intrusion of sea water into the inland portions and its resulting adverse influence on the rainfall pattern in this region. This imbalance, created by the illegal appearance of aquaculture in and around the lake, has affected the natural functioning of the hydrological system of the lake and resulted in flooding of the foreshore areas of the lake and affecting thousands of acres of crop lands.
Centre of Excellence that can effectively provide adequate scientific, technical and educational support for optimal and economic exploitation of vast and diverse natural resources of Delta with emphasis on Agriculture & Aquaculture practices without any adverse impact on socio - economic and natural environment.
To participate in the achievement of sustainable development through the outputs of research and environmental studies in Deltas; provide scientific services with international quality ; and contribute to the society through serving it in a civilized manner.
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR RESTORATION OF KOLLERU LAKE:1.Construction of regulators on Upputeru at various places.
|S.no||Land Use / land Cover class||Within 5’ Contour (sq. km)||Between 5’ and ~ 10’ Contour (sq. km)|
|2||Lake with demolished aquaculture||212.799||0.0|